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Equal Rights Amendment Pros and Cons




The Equal Rights Amendment Pros and Cons consists on one of the most dragged bills ever presented in Congress. It is essentially the idea of equal legal rights to both men and women. It provides women equal rights in legal matters of property, divorce, and employment, etc.

The idea was first presented in 1923 and got rejected. The second time it was approved in 1972 but failed to be ratified by 3/4th of the states within the duration of its deadline. It still has not been able to be ratified by 38 states, which is the exact number.

The sad part is that right now, 37 states have ratified it, and only one more State is needed to make it official. Even though it is past expiration, Congress has the authority to extend the expiry dates on bills and even eliminate them as it has been done in some other cases.

A majority impression on women’s rights is that they are already there, but it only becomes a real problem when a female member of our own family or friends is devoid of a legal right based on her relationship.

As it was put rightly by John Oliver, ERA is like the baking soda; you go to grocery shopping and think that you don’t need to buy one because you have it at home. It is only when you go home and start looking for that baking soda when you are baking the cake; you realize it is not there.

Equal Rights Amendment Significance

A proposed amendment to the constitution of the United States is the Equal Rights Amendment or ERA. It is designed to guarantee equal legal rights for all the citizens of America, regardless of gender. The aim of ERA is to end the legal distinctions between males and females when it comes to matters of property, divorce, and employment, among other things.

Did the Equal Rights Amendment Pass?

The ratification issue has made many confused and ask, “Did the Equal Rights Amendment pass?” Well, yes and no. The amendment was passed back in 1971 by the House of Representatives and by the senate in 1972. It was a glorious time for women’s rights activists but not a complete victory. We will talk about the reasons in the later sections.

Which amendment is the equal rights amendment?

The amendment of equal rights is the 14th amendment supported by the strong majorities of the US Supreme Court. It is designed to eliminate any gender biases in legal matters to provide equal treatment to both men and women.

Equal Rights Amendment Ratification

Upon being passed by the US senate, Equal Rights Amendment was sent to the states for ratification. For those who don’t know, ratification is the formal acceptance of an amendment by at least 38 states in order for the amendment to be effective.

So, the ERA had to be ratified by 38 states in order to become official. It failed to do so as a conservative backlash erupted against feminism and eroded many people’s support for the ERA. It couldn’t get ratification from 38 states despite being so close as it reached to 35.

Due to the lack of required ratification on the Equal Rights Amendment, the US constitution does not protect relational equality except that for the voting rights. Many feminists today blame it on the conservative leader Phyllis Schlafly who strongly criticized and opposed the ERA.

Equal Rights Amendment Map

The map cited on shows the states that have ratified prior to 1982 in purple, those who recently ratified in light purple, and those who have not ratified in yellow colour. The map clearly shows that the majority of the 3/4th of states had accepted the Equal Rights Amendment quite readily, but it is being halted by a requirement of only three more states for the past three decades.


Two new states Nevada & Illinois, only ratified in 2017 and 2018, respectively. Now the amendment needs just one more ratification to become official. Hopefully, it is just a matter of time now before the Equal Rights on legal issues become official in the United States of America.

John Oliver on the Equal Rights Amendment

The host of Last Week Tonight show John Oliver talked about the issue of the bill on the Equal Rights Amendment. He implored the remaining states back in 2019 to ratify the bill before Florida. In his comedic bit, he stated that he did not want to give Florida that credit on the Equal Rights Amendment.

He also talked about the expired deadline on the bill emphasizing that Congress has the power to push the expiry date or even eliminate it completely. So, expiration should not be the main factor stopping any state from showing the necessary support. Read More News

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Sophia James is a writer at The News Engine; writing content on different niches like world, technology, lifestyle and news. I have a keen mind interest when it comes to exploring the most valuable stories out there. I believes in the idea that this world is filled with information that can benefit us in a variety of ways. Seeking knowledge is the most valuable act we can do as a author. The more we know, the better we can make our lives. I will continue to bring new interesting topics for you, keep an eye out!

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