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F1 Car Engine 2020: All You Need to Know

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F1 Car Engine

F1 short for ‘Formula 1’ is the top of all automotive motorsport championships, so there is an understandable level of popularity around it. This category was created in 1947 after World War II as the Grand Prix Racing with engine volume limitations.  These units work in short-stroke basics, meaning that they have a very small stroke length compared to the bore width allowing to chase power at high revs. It is called an over-squared design, although the very first models were not of such design. Anyway, this is the evolution of F1 car engine. The series was launched with a regulation allowing for up to 4.5 liter naturally aspirated or supercharged one-and-a-half liters. They were capable of 425-ISH HP, while there was also the BRM type 15 with the V-16 producing 600 HP. Since 1954, the maximum engine volume dropped to almost a half with 2.5L NA and 7500CC supercharged. Although no supercharged units were made, the NA ones got up to 290 HP at 8,500 RPM in the case of the V8-powered Mercedes W196 in 1955.

Ferrari was using an In-line 4, and Maserati had a Straight-6. In 1961, the forced induction was banned for the next four seasons, and only 1300 to 1500cc displacements were allowed to enter. Between 1963 and 1965, they were even said to use pump gas only. Every team switched from front to mid-engine layout. Also, before it happened, the Fergusson P99 was the first 4WD and the last winning front-engine vehicle in Formula 1. It was propelled by a Coventry-Climax FPF engine. Following years, there was still no cylinder number now RPM limiting regulation introduced. The forced induction was permitted back again at 1,600CC engines with up to 3 liters naturally aspirated counterparts. The era of the 1960s is famous for the Cosworth DFV launch and extremely easy accessibility to an F1 car engine, the DFV, for basically any homemade chassis.

The Cosworth engine popularity dominated the grid with 400 HP at its beginning, ending up at 530 HP at 11,000 RPM. However, it was slowly outrun by new forced induction engines being used since the 1980s as the turbo technology advanced, and smaller motors were easier to turbocharge. Until 1980, basically it was even possible to race with a two-stroke oil burner as well. Either way, in 1971, Renault experimented with a Pratt and Whitney turbine engine and four-wheel drive.

The 1986 season maybe the most legendary as naturally aspirated engines were banned as for the only F1 season during its existence since 1947. Alfa Romeo had a V8, Tag Porsche, Honda, Renault, and Ford Cosworth created twin turbocharged V-6S, and BMW used their M10 production engine block. Possibly the best thing about this season was an unrestricted turbo boost pressure, which allowed Benetton cars with the BMW engine to produce over 1,300 HP during qualifications at 5.5 bar of boost. Their reliability was low, reaching four laps at most and even engine tamed for longevity during races; the power outputs vary between 850 to 1,000 HP.

Jumping forward, after the V10 era, FIA announced that the engine would be of a maximum displacement of 2.4 liters using the 90 degrees V8 layout. Bore width was said to be 98MM at most, resulting in a stroke of 39.8 MM. No more than four valves per cylinder were allowed, no variable intake, exhaust, or valve timing, only one spark plug and one injector per cylinder with the least possible weight of 95 kg per engine. In 2007, the rev limit was set at 19,000 RPM, later in 2009, it was lowered to 18,000 RPM and allowing a 5.75% of alcohol in the fuel since 2008. For the 2009-2013 seasons, the Kinetic Energy Recovery System was introduced in the regulations too.

New F1 car engines for the 2014 season onwards got and still get a lot of criticism, especially for the sound. While those old V8s, V10s, and even V12s were beautiful singing, the new VGS is not such a pleasure to hear. Regardless, the turbo got back as well, and energy recovery systems are now a necessity. Those are allowed to provide a maximum power of 163 HP/120 KW and 2 MJ per lap. The displacement was lowered to 1.6 liters, and so has the rev limiter to just 15,000 PM. It is said that with the new reliability and fuel flow restrictions, they rarely turn faster than 12,000, though.

Anyway, Mercedes exceeded the 50% thermal efficiency in the F1 car engine, which is a huge step-up compared to old V-8s with 29%. The newer the models, the more restrictions in engine design there are. In the beginning, they were only basic regulations like engine volume and aspiration. Today, each engine is basically the same chasing thermal efficiency only to get more horsepower than the other one.

F1 Car Engine Specs

The F1 car engine specs are fascinating to many fans out there. It is made of six main components. The first and most important one is the Internal Combustion Engine that connects the gearbox to the chassis. The turbocharger is the second component that manages the density of the air to produce the extra engine power.

There are two engine types used in an F1 car engine depending on the Motor Generator Units, the Heat (MGU-H), and Kinetic (MGU-K). The Kinetic MGU has the ability to store kinetic energy when brakes are applied. The Heat MGU is linked to a turbocharger that utilizes waste energy coming from the exhaust. It adds to the overall power.

The recent V6 F1 turbo-engines use electric energy, which is contained in the Energy Store. Control Electronics control all the five components making CE the Central Processing Unit of the F1 car engines. The drivers have the option to choose from EC, MGU-H, and MGU-K in one season.

F1 Car Engine Suppliers

Due to the ever-increasing influence of pop culture i.e., Drive to Survive series on Netflix, F1 has gained a new following. People are frequently looking for answers to questions like are F1 car engines for sale? And who are the F1 car engine suppliers? If you are one of them, we have you covered here. There are four F1 car engine suppliers; Honda, Renault, Mercedes, and Ferrari. Among these, Honda is the only manufacturing company that doesn’t compete in the races as an official constructor. There are ten total constructors, and they are required to develop their own chassis.

Renault is quite successful both as the supplier and constructor. Mercedes is the one with limited time as a constructor but successful nonetheless. Honda is the one with the most scattered career path as the supplier. Sometimes they would just supply engine; other times, they would compete.

Ferrari is the best one out of the bunch in terms of its track record. They produce their own engines for F1 races and also supply to many other teams; Red Bull Racing have partnered up with Ferrari many times. Ferrari car engines also have the highest wins record (239 races) among the four suppliers.

F1 Car Engine Manufacturers

Over the whole legacy of F1 racing, many motor companies have attempted a try at making engines for the F1 cars, with even some privateers entering the challenge to be ranked amongst the big leagues. But there are eight companies that are the most notable F1 car engine manufacturers.

  1. BMW: Winning twenty races despite being one of the fastest F1 car engines manufacturer, we can call BMW quite an underachiever in this career.
  2. Porsche: Porsche won 25 races, but their engine couldn’t put both performance and reliability together in their F1 car engine specs. The Porsche engine had a good run with Nikki Lauda’s career hits, but they forgot to update the engine. It became outdated, and as a result, Mclaren replaced it with Honda
  3. Coventry-Climax: It was the first one among privateer engines. These were lighter engines but lost their popularity pretty soon.
  4. Honda: Honda has 75 wins and a very on-again, off-again relation with the F1. They were at their peak in the 1980s and have never been able to match that rise again.
  5. Renault: It ranks among the manufacturers with the brightest career. Renault has 168 wins and has a much steady track in providing good engines.
  6. Cosworth DSV: The best privateer engine is the Cosworth DSV. It has the title of the only engine with an achievement of a 100% win rate in one year.
  7. Mercedes: Having 188 overall wins, Mercedes was not always in the best place as a manufacturer, but the moment they have gained since 2013 has continued to bring them glory in the years that came after.
  8. Ferrari: We have saved the best one at last for you. With the highest number of wins (239 wins). The company takes part in every F1 season, which explains their wins. They have a history of success. They have manufactured some of the fastest and most reliable engines in the last three decades. However, this information excludes the fact that they are lagging behind in the turbo-hybrid era; Mercedes is dominating now.

F1 car engines 2020

F1 Car Engineer Salary

In the F1 racing world, nothing is about equality as much as it is for reflecting the true worth of the people associated. There are many enthusiasts who are even willing to work for free in the urge to be a part of this sport. As a result, salaries are not exactly well-paid. It happens when there are many volunteers who are ready to replace you in their passion, making the companies less motivated to pay high salaries.

For junior engineer positions, the starting salaries are not bad for graduates, in all fairness.  There is no definitive pay structure, but for a fresh graduate with one year to no experience, the salary ranges from $ 26,000 to $ 40,000. As you add more experience and grow with the companies, you get a pay raise depending on your performance and the team’s willingness to hold you as a valuable employee.

Senior engineers get to work on multi-year contracts. Due to their greater experience and unique expertise, they are rewarded much better. It is also a very competitive position as a single team has about 20 senior engineers, so you really have to be the best to come on board. Senior Engineer’s salary depends on the experience and skills, but the average pay is $46,000 to $50,000.

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